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2400 Graphical Series SMU

Keithley 2400 Graphical Series SMU instruments offer four-quadrant precision voltage and current source/load coupled with measurement now on an intuitive touchscreen user interface. These instruments can simultaneously source and measure current from 10 fA to 10 A pulse and/or voltage from 100 nV to 1100 V for 1000 W pulse and 100 W DC total power, allowing users to Touch, Test, Invent®.

 

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Base Price
US $6,040 - US $10,600
Buy/Quote Questions? Chat Now
Max Power Envelope

100 W DC
1000 W Pulse

V & I range

10n V to 1100 V,
10 fA to 10 A

Best Accuracy

0.012%
6.5 digits

Max Speed

1 MS/s sampling
100 kS/s to buffer

 

A modern curve tracer solution

Install I-V Tracer Software to your 2400 Series Graphical SMU and create a functional replacement to traditional curve tracers like the Tektronix 576 or 370. Quickly trace out two-terminal device characteristics without configuring sweeps or connecting to other software.

Learn more about Keithley I-V Tracer

Watch the overview

Making the big power switch

Demand for more efficient high-voltage semiconductors in 5G, automotive, and alternative energy markets is driving increasingly complex testing and research into new technologies like SiC and GaN. Your testing equipment will need to evolve to keep up.

The new 2470 SMU adds capabilities in measurements like breakdown voltage, leakage current, isolation testing, hi-pot and dielectric withstanding tests to get you to insight faster.

Learn more about the new high voltage 2470 SMU

2470 Sourcemeter Unit SMU at a probe station
2400 graphical sourcemeter chart

Make measurements at a whole new level

SMU instruments capture more-detailed device behavior and can characterize the device in extended ranges, so you can understand your device better, enhance its quality and improve its performance.

Testing High Brightness LEDs

Highlights

  • 6½-digit resolution precision source and measure
  • 1 MSamples/s digitized measurement speed
  • Current: 10 nA to 7 A DC, 10 A Pulse
  • Voltage: 200 mV to 200 V
  • Power: Up to 100 W DC to 1000 W Pulse

Intuitive UI. Smart and fast.

Measure, see and discover more on the intuitive, multi-touch user interface – from raw readings to histograms to time-based and voltage/current-based waveforms—and get to your answers more quickly.

How-to Videos

Highlights

  • Five-inch touchscreen with carefully-designed color combination and screen layout
  • Easy navigation and one-level-deep menu and settings
  • 27.5 million data memory with time stamps all viewable on the instrument
2400 SMU with intuitive UI
2461 SMU source measure unit operating boundaries

Unmatched versatility and return on investment.

SMU instruments bring versatility to a new level for today’s applications and tomorrow’s innovation. Configure yours as a precision power supply, 6½-digit DMM, current source, voltage source, picoammeter, electronic load and more.

Leakage Current and Insulation Resistance Measurements

Rechargeable Battery Charge/Discharge (Galvanic) Cycling

Learn more. Gain more.

Source Measure Unit Tutorial Learning Center brings together a wealth of information on Keithley SMUs and other products in an all-in-one, convenient location. We provide links to a wide variety of content related to the applications and industries we serve.

Four key tests validating MOSFET performance in power supply designs
2450  8in Grahic Display

Cut Costs and Protect Your Investment

Keithley Care plans provide fast, high-quality services at a fraction of the cost of on-demand service events. You are one click or phone call away from obtaining repair coverage - no quotes, purchase orders, or approval delays.

Learn More

Model Touchscreen Channels Max Current Source/Measure Range Max Voltage Source/Measure Range Measurement Resolution (Current / Voltage) Power List Price
2450 Yes 1 1A 200V 10fA / 10nV 20 W US $6,040
Configure & Quote
2460 Yes 1 7A 100V 1pA / 100nV 100 W US $9,360
Configure & Quote
2470

Yes

1

1A

1100V

10fA / 100nV

20 W

US $10,500
Configure & Quote
2461 Yes 1 10A 100V 1pA / 100nV 1000W US $10,600
Configure & Quote

Model 2450 Graphical SourceMeter SMU

The 2450 is Keithley’s next-generation SourceMeter source measure unit (SMU) instrument that truly brings Ohm’s law (current, voltage, and resistance) testing right to your fingertips. Its innovative graphical user interface (GUI) and advanced, capacitive touchscreen technology allow intuitive usage and minimize the learning curve to enable engineers and scientists to learn faster, work smarter, and invent easier.

  • Five-inch, high resolution capacitive touchscreen GUI
  • 0.012% basic measure accuracy with 6½-digit resolution
  • Enhanced sensitivity with new 20mV and 10nA source/measure ranges
  • Built-in, context-sensitive front panel help

White Paper: Get in Touch with the Changing User Interface of Today’s Test Instruments

App Note: Biosensor/Transducer Qualification Using the Model 2450 Interactive SourceMeter® SMU Instrument

Keithley 2450 SMU

Model 2460 Graphical High Current SourceMeter SMU

The 2460 High Current SourceMeter® Source Measure Unit (SMU) Instrument with its 7A DC and pulse current capability is optimized for characterizing and testing high power materials, devices, and modules such as silicon carbide (SiC), gallium nitride (GaN), DC-DC converters, power MOSFETs, solar cells and panels, LEDs and lighting systems, electrochemical cells and batteries, and much more.

  • Wide coverage up to 105 V, 7 A DC/7 A pulse, 100 W max.
  • 0.012% basic measure accuracy with 6½-digit resolution
  • Use with KickStart Software

App Note: Testing High Brightness LEDs Accurately Using the Model 2460 High Current SourceMeter SMU Instrument

App Note: Measuring Low Resistance Devices with High Current Using the Model 2460 SourceMeter SMU Instrument

Keithley 2460 SMU front

Model 2461 Graphical High Current Digitizing SourceMeter SMU

With its 10 A/1000 W pulse current and 7 A/100 W DC current capability combined with dual 18-bit 1MS/s digitizers, the 2461 High Current SMU is optimized for characterizing and testing high power materials, devices, and modules, such as silicon carbide (SiC), gallium nitride (GaN), DC-DC converters, circuit protection devices, solar cells and panels, high brightness LEDs and lighting systems, batteries, and much more.

  • Wide coverage up to 105 V/7 A DC 100 W, 100 V/10 A Pulse 1000 W max.
  • Dual 1 MS/s digitizers for fast sampling measurements
  • 0.012% DCV accuracy with 6½-digit resolution
  • Use with KickStart Software
keithley 2461 SMU

Model 2470 Graphical High Voltage SourceMeter SMU

With its 1100 V and 10 fA capability, the 2470 High Voltage SMU is optimized for characterizing and testing high voltage, low leakage devices, materials, and modules, such as silicon carbide (SiC), gallium nitride (GaN), power MOSFETs, transient suppression devices, circuit protection devices, power modules, batteries, and much more.

  • Wide coverage up to 1100 V / 1 A DC 20 W max.
  • 10 fA measure resolution
  • 0.012% DCV accuracy with 6½-digit resolution
  • Use with KickStart Software
keithley 2470 SMU
Model Touchscreen Channels Max Current Source/Measure Range Max Voltage Source/Measure Range Measurement Resolution (Current / Voltage) Power List Price
2450 Yes 1 1A 200V 10fA / 10nV 20 W US $6,040
Configure & Quote
2460 Yes 1 7A 100V 1pA / 100nV 100 W US $9,360
Configure & Quote
2470

Yes

1

1A

1100V

10fA / 100nV

20 W

US $10,500
Configure & Quote
2461 Yes 1 10A 100V 1pA / 100nV 1000W US $10,600
Configure & Quote

High Speed Testing of High Brightness LEDs

Use a SMU instrument's unique pulsing, voltage, or current capabilities to minimize self-heating on HBLEDs and reduce the negative impact on measurement accuracy, as well as to eliminate the worries about damaging the device under test.

  • Minimum programmage voltage and current pulse: 150 µs
  • Maximum pulse current 10 A
  • Maximum pulse power 1000 W

Pulse Testing High Brightness LEDs

Accurate DC Test of HBLEDs

2461-DigitizeIV
Keithley 2470 Tektronix AFG31000

IV Characterization of Power Semiconductors

Testing plays an important role at every stage of the development of SiC and GaN semiconductor devices, to characterize, benchmark, and document efficiency and other characteristics. It begins with testing the material to determine whether it is suitable for use. Once the device is fabricated, such as a MOSFET, breakdown voltage, leakage current, and OFF-state resistance testing must be done before it is installed on a circuit board.

  • Wide coverage up to 1100 V / 1 A DC 20 W max.
  • 10 fA measure resolution
  • SCPI and TSP® scripting programming modes
  • Use with KickStart Software

App Note: Breakdown and Leakage Current Measurements on High Voltage Semiconductor Devices Using the Keithley 2470 SourceMeter® Source Measure Unit (SMU) Instrument and KickStart Software

Chacterizing and Validating Sensor Performance

SMU instruments are the most accurate, reliable, and convenient way to characterize and validate sensors and transducers that can generate and measure ultra-low and low voltage or current signal during sleep and active states of operation. SMUs offer the widest operating range, sensivity, speed and accuracy to minimize false readings and test with confidence.

  • Voltage and current measure resolution at 10 nV and 10 fA
  • Best voltage and current measure accuracy at 0.012% and 0.02%
  • Maximum sample rate at 1 MSamples/s

App Note: Biosensor/Transducer Qualification Using the Model 2450 Interactive SourceMeter® SMU Instrument

Generalized-Biosensor

Rechargeable Battery Charge/Discharge (Galvanic) Cycling

Chemical engineers, chemists, and other scientists use electrical measurement techniques to study chemical reactions and dynamics. The most commonly-used measurement technique, cyclic voltammetry (CV,) is typically performed using a potentiostat. Keithley’s graphical SMUs are a high accuracy, lower cost alternative for e-chemistry labs – to perform cyclic voltammetry and other electrochemistry tests.

  • Perform Cyclic, Squarewave, or Galvanic Voltammetry, Chronoamperometry, and Chronopotentiometry
  • Real-time plotting of voltammograms on the front panel
  • 10 nV and 10 fA measurement sensitivity

App Note: Performing Cyclic Voltammetry Measurements Using 2450-EC or 2460-EC Electrochemistry Lab Systems

Creating Battery Discharge Models and Simulating Batteries

A graphical SMU Instrument can discharge a battery and create a model of the battery for use with a battery simulator. The model consists of both open circuit voltage and internal resistance as a function of the battery's state of charge. The battery simulator will then emulate the battery using the created battery model and can be used under various testing conditions to see how the product performs when powered by a battery under various conditions of discharge.

  • 0.012% basic measure accuracy with 6½-digit resolution
  • Enhanced sensitivity with new 20mV and 10nA source/measure ranges
  • Wide coverage up to 105 V, 7 A DC/7 A pulse, 100 W max.

Video: Creating a Battery Discharge Model with a 2450 Source Measure Unit and Simulating the Battery

2400smu
solar-panels

I-V Characterization of Photovoltaic Cells

I-V characteristics of solar cells and panels can easily be generated using a Keithley Model 2450 or Model 2460 SourceMeter SMU Instrument, which can source and measure both current and voltage. Because both SourceMeter instruments have four quadrant source capability, they can sink the cell current as a function of an applied voltage.

  • 0.012% basic measure accuracy with 6½-digit resolution
  • Enhanced sensitivity with new 20 mV and 10 nA source/measure ranges
  • Wide coverage up to 105 V, 7 A DC/7 A pulse, 100 W max.

App Note: I-V Characterization of Photovoltaic Cells and Panels Using the Keithley Model 2450 or Model 2460 SourceMeter® SMU Instrument

Educating The Next Generation of Engineers

Curve tracers were long considered a must-have in engineering classrooms for their simplicity in allowing students to directly apply their learning to electrical devices. I-V Tracer with Keithley Graphical SourceMeter instruments offers the same benefit, giving real-time, direct control to students allowing them to experiment themselves and solidify understanding on a wide range of electronics.

  • +DC, –DC, AC polarity modes (AC mode only compatible with the 2461 SMU)
  • Compare mode to display a reference device next to a measured curve
  • Screen capture curves
  • Compatible with Keithley 2450, 2460, 2461, and 2470 Graphical SourceMeter SMUs

Video: I-V Tracer Overview

Keithley 2400 Graphical SMU

Keithley I-V Tracer Software

Adding the I-V Tracer to your Graphical SourceMeter gives you a dedicated user interface which recreates the familiar user experience of a curve tracer for two-terminal devices. With a range of compatible instruments, I-V Tracer can utilize the full capabilities of each source measure unit, including the dual high-speed digitizers of the 2461 to perform tracing with AC polarity and pulsed DC, in addition to standard DC polarity.

  • Compatible with Keithley 2450, 2460, 2461, and 2470
  • +DC, –DC, AC polarity modes (AC mode only compatible with the 2461 SMU)
  • Single Pack (KICKSTARTNL-ACT1), Three Pack (KICKSTARTNL-ACT3), Five Pack (KICKSTARTNL-ACT5) licenses available

Learn more about I-V Tracer

Watch the overview

Keithley IV Tracer
Keithley Kickstart

Keithley KickStart Instrument Control Software.
No Programming Required.

Making measurements is easy with KickStart. Characterize your devices and materials quickly and easily without programming. Visualize real-time results in graphical and tabular format. Export data tables or graphs for quick reporting or additional analysis in Excel.

  • Create single or sweep pulse tests quickly
  • Generate linear, log, list, and dual sweeps of voltage and current source with simultaneous measurement
  • I-V characterization application to support up to four SMU instruments
  • GPIB, USB, Ethernet connectivity on Windows OS

Download KickStart today and try it out for 60 days

Keithley KickStart Datasheet

Automated Control from Lab to Fab

Keithley's Automated Characterization Suite (ACS) offers complete control of your equipment. Whether you need to control a few instruments on your bench, or automate an entire test rack for production, ACS offers a flexible, interactive environment for device characterization, parametric test, reliability test, and simple functional test.

  • Perform simple 1-off tests or build complex project trees
  • Code with Python inside ACS for unlimited flexibility and control
  • Manual or automated wafer prober control
  • Data management and statistical analysis capabilities

Start Automating

Keithley TSB

FREE script developer environment to maximize instrument performance

Test Script Builder (TSB) is a software tool that simplifies building test scripts for Keithley’s Test Script Processor (TSP®)-enabled instruments.

  • Send commands and receive responses from the instrument
  • Create, manage, and run user scripts
  • Debug scripts
  • Import factory scripts to view or edit and convert to user scripts

Download TSB Software

Accessory 237-ALG-2
Datasheet Description
LOW NOISE TRIAX CABLE
Accessory 237-BNC-TRX
Datasheet Description
2-SLOT M BNC TO 3 LUG F TRIAX
Accessory 2450-TRX-BAN
Datasheet Description
View Datasheet TRIAX TO BANANA ADAPTER
Accessory 2460-BAN
Datasheet Description
Banana Test Leads/Adapter Cable
Accessory 2460-KIT
Datasheet Description
View Datasheet SCREW TERMINAL CONNECTOR KIT
Accessory 2600-ALG-2
Datasheet Description
LOW NOISE TRIAX CABLE WITH ALLIGATOR CLIPS
Accessory 4288-1
Datasheet Description
SINGLE FIXED RACK MOUNTING KIT
Accessory 4288-2
Datasheet Description
DUAL FIXED RACK MOUNTING KIT
Accessory 4299-8
Datasheet Description
SINGLE FIXED RACK-MOUNT KIT FOR 2U GRAPHICAL DISPLAY INSTRUMENTS
Accessory 4299-9
Datasheet Description
DUAL FIXED RACK-MOUNT KIT FOR 2U GRAPHICAL DISPLAY INSTRUMENTS
Accessory 5804
Datasheet Description
4 TERMINAL TEST LEAD SET
Accessory 5805
Datasheet Description
KELVIN PROBES, 0.9M (3FT)
Accessory 5806
Datasheet Description
KELVIN CLIP LEADS
Accessory 5808
Datasheet Description
LOW COST SINGLE PIN KELVIN PROBE SET
Accessory 7007-05
Datasheet Description
View Datasheet SHIELDED GPIB CAB, 0.5M 1.6 FT
Accessory 7007-1
Datasheet Description
View Datasheet SHIELDED GPIB CABLE,1M (3.2FT)
Accessory 7078-TRX-1
Datasheet Description
3 SLOT TRIAX CABLE, 1 FT
Accessory 7078-TRX-10
Datasheet Description
3 SLOT TRIAX CABLE, 10FT
Accessory 7078-TRX-12
Datasheet Description
3 LUG TRIAX CABLE, 12FT
Accessory 7078-TRX-20
Datasheet Description
3 SLOT TRIAX CABLE, 20FT
Accessory 7078-TRX-3
Datasheet Description
3 SLOT TRIAX CABLE, 3FT
Accessory 7078-TRX-5
Datasheet Description
3 SLOT TRIAX CABLE
Accessory 7078-TRX-GND
Datasheet Description
3-SLOT MALE TRIAX TO BNC ADAPTER (GUARD REMOVED)
Accessory 8101-PIV
Datasheet Description
PIV DEMO FIXTURE
Accessory 8606
Datasheet Description
MODULAR PROBE KIT
Accessory 8620
Datasheet Description
SHORTING PLUG
Accessory CA-18-1
Datasheet Description
View Datasheet CABLE, DUAL BANANA TO DUAL BANANA, 60 INCHES LONG
Accessory CS-1546
Datasheet Description
View Datasheet 3-LUG TRIAX SHORTING PLUG (SHORTS CENTER CONDUCTOR TO OUTER SHIELD)
Accessory CS-1616-3
Datasheet Description
View Datasheet SAFETY INTERLOCK MATING CONNECTOR
Accessory CS-630
Datasheet Description
View Datasheet 3-LUG FEMALE TRIAX BULKHEAD CONNECTOR (FOR USE WITH 2450 AND 7078-TRX-* CABLES)
Accessory CS-631
Datasheet Description
View Datasheet 3-LUG MALE TRIAX CABLE MOUNT CONNECTOR (FOR USE WITH SC-22 CABLE)
Accessory KPCI-488LP
Datasheet Description
View Datasheet IEEE-488 INTERFACE FOR PCI BUS
Accessory KUSB-488B
Datasheet Description
IEEE-488.2 USB-TO-GPIB INTERFACE ADAPTER
Accessory TRX-1100V-0.5
Datasheet Description
View Datasheet 3-SLOT 1100V TRIAX CABLE, 0.5M
Accessory TRX-1100V-1
Datasheet Description
View Datasheet 3-SLOT 1100V TRIAX CABLE, 1M
Accessory TRX-1100V-2
Datasheet Description
View Datasheet 3-SLOT 1100V TRIAX CABLE, 2M
Accessory TRX-1100V-3
Datasheet Description
View Datasheet 3-SLOT 1100V TRIAX CABLE, 3M
Accessory TRX-1100V-BAN
Datasheet Description
View Datasheet 3-SLOT TRIAX TO BANANA ADAPTER CABLE (FOR 2470 SMU ONLY)
Accessory TRX-1100V-CONN
Datasheet Description
View Datasheet 3-SLOT MALE VOLTAGE TRIAX CABLE CONNECTOR (FOR 2470 SMU ONLY)
Accessory TRX-1100V-FFBARREL
Datasheet Description
View Datasheet 3-SLOT 1100V TRIAX FEMALE TO FEMALE ADAPTER
Accessory TRX-1100V-FFFTEE
Datasheet Description
View Datasheet 3-SLOT 1100V TRIAX FEMALE TO DUAL FEMALE TEE ADPATER
Accessory TRX-1100V-FMFTEE
Datasheet Description
View Datasheet 3-SLOT 1100V TRIAX MALE TO DUAL FEMALE TEE ADAPTER
Accessory TRX-1100V-PCBCONN
Datasheet Description
View Datasheet 3-SLOT MALE VOLTAGE TRIAX CABLE CONNECTOR FOR PC BOARDS (FOR 2470 SMU ONLY)
Accessory TRX-1100V-TBC
Datasheet Description
View Datasheet 3-SLOT 1100V TRIAX FEMALE BULKHEAD CONNECTOR
Datasheet Accessory Description
View Datasheet 237-ALG-2 LOW NOISE TRIAX CABLE
View Datasheet 237-BNC-TRX 2-SLOT M BNC TO 3 LUG F TRIAX
2450-TRX-BAN TRIAX TO BANANA ADAPTER
View Datasheet 2460-BAN Banana Test Leads/Adapter Cable
2460-KIT SCREW TERMINAL CONNECTOR KIT
View Datasheet 2600-ALG-2 LOW NOISE TRIAX CABLE WITH ALLIGATOR CLIPS
View Datasheet 4288-1 SINGLE FIXED RACK MOUNTING KIT
View Datasheet 4288-2 DUAL FIXED RACK MOUNTING KIT
View Datasheet 4299-8 SINGLE FIXED RACK-MOUNT KIT FOR 2U GRAPHICAL DISPLAY INSTRUMENTS
View Datasheet 4299-9 DUAL FIXED RACK-MOUNT KIT FOR 2U GRAPHICAL DISPLAY INSTRUMENTS
View Datasheet 5804 4 TERMINAL TEST LEAD SET
View Datasheet 5805 KELVIN PROBES, 0.9M (3FT)
View Datasheet 5806 KELVIN CLIP LEADS
View Datasheet 5808 LOW COST SINGLE PIN KELVIN PROBE SET
7007-05 SHIELDED GPIB CAB, 0.5M 1.6 FT
7007-1 SHIELDED GPIB CABLE,1M (3.2FT)
View Datasheet 7078-TRX-1 3 SLOT TRIAX CABLE, 1 FT
View Datasheet 7078-TRX-10 3 SLOT TRIAX CABLE, 10FT
View Datasheet 7078-TRX-12 3 LUG TRIAX CABLE, 12FT
View Datasheet 7078-TRX-20 3 SLOT TRIAX CABLE, 20FT
View Datasheet 7078-TRX-3 3 SLOT TRIAX CABLE, 3FT
View Datasheet 7078-TRX-5 3 SLOT TRIAX CABLE
View Datasheet 7078-TRX-GND 3-SLOT MALE TRIAX TO BNC ADAPTER (GUARD REMOVED)
View Datasheet 8101-PIV PIV DEMO FIXTURE
View Datasheet 8606 MODULAR PROBE KIT
View Datasheet 8620 SHORTING PLUG
CA-18-1 CABLE, DUAL BANANA TO DUAL BANANA, 60 INCHES LONG
CS-1546 3-LUG TRIAX SHORTING PLUG (SHORTS CENTER CONDUCTOR TO OUTER SHIELD)
CS-1616-3 SAFETY INTERLOCK MATING CONNECTOR
CS-630 3-LUG FEMALE TRIAX BULKHEAD CONNECTOR (FOR USE WITH 2450 AND 7078-TRX-* CABLES)
CS-631 3-LUG MALE TRIAX CABLE MOUNT CONNECTOR (FOR USE WITH SC-22 CABLE)
KPCI-488LP IEEE-488 INTERFACE FOR PCI BUS
View Datasheet KUSB-488B IEEE-488.2 USB-TO-GPIB INTERFACE ADAPTER
TRX-1100V-0.5 3-SLOT 1100V TRIAX CABLE, 0.5M
TRX-1100V-1 3-SLOT 1100V TRIAX CABLE, 1M
TRX-1100V-2 3-SLOT 1100V TRIAX CABLE, 2M
TRX-1100V-3 3-SLOT 1100V TRIAX CABLE, 3M
TRX-1100V-BAN 3-SLOT TRIAX TO BANANA ADAPTER CABLE (FOR 2470 SMU ONLY)
TRX-1100V-CONN 3-SLOT MALE VOLTAGE TRIAX CABLE CONNECTOR (FOR 2470 SMU ONLY)
TRX-1100V-FFBARREL 3-SLOT 1100V TRIAX FEMALE TO FEMALE ADAPTER
TRX-1100V-FFFTEE 3-SLOT 1100V TRIAX FEMALE TO DUAL FEMALE TEE ADPATER
TRX-1100V-FMFTEE 3-SLOT 1100V TRIAX MALE TO DUAL FEMALE TEE ADAPTER
TRX-1100V-PCBCONN 3-SLOT MALE VOLTAGE TRIAX CABLE CONNECTOR FOR PC BOARDS (FOR 2470 SMU ONLY)
TRX-1100V-TBC 3-SLOT 1100V TRIAX FEMALE BULKHEAD CONNECTOR