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Keithley Model 2000 6 1/2-Digit Multimeter Specifications


Document #SPEC-2000M

Specifications are subject to change without notice.

DC CHARACTERISTICS

CONDITIONS: MED (1 PLC)1 or SLOW (10 PLC) or MED (1 PLC) with filter of 10

ACCURACY: ±(ppm of reading + ppm of range) (ppm = parts per million) (e.g., 10ppm = 0.001%)

FUNCTION RANGE RESOLUTION TEST CURRENT OR BURDEN VOLTAGE (±5%) Input Resistance 24 HOUR14 23°C ± 1° 90 DAY 23°C ± 5° 1 YEAR 23°C ± 5° TEMPERATURE COEFFICIENT 0°–18°C & 28°–50°C
Voltage 100.0000 mV 0.1 µV < 10 GΩ 30 + 30 40 + 35 50 + 35 2 + 6
1.000000 V 1.0 µV < 10 GΩ 15 + 6 25 + 7 30 + 7 2 + 1
10.00000 V 10 µV < 10 GΩ 15 + 4 20 + 5 30 + 5 2 + 1
100.0000 V 100 µV 10 MΩ ±1% 15 + 6 30 + 6 45 + 6 5 + 1
1000.000 V9 1 mV 10 MΩ ±1% 20 + 6 35 + 6 45 + 5 + 1
Resistance15 100.0000 Ω 100 µΩ 1 mA 30 + 30 80 + 40 100 + 40 8 + 6
1.000000 kΩ 1 mΩ 1 mA 20 + 6 80 + 10 100 + 10 8 + 1
10.00000 kΩ 10 mΩ 100 µA 20 + 6 80 + 10 100 + 10 8 + 1
100.0000 kΩ 100 mΩ 7 µA 20 + 6 80 + 10 100 + 10 8 + 1
1.000000 MΩ16 1 Ω 7 µA 20 + 6 80 + 10 100 + 10 8 + 1
10.00000 MΩ11,16 10 Ω 700 nA // 10MΩ 150 + 6 200 + 10 400 + 10 95 + 1
100.0000 MΩ11,16 100 Ω 700 nA // 10MΩ 800 + 30 1500 + 30 1500 + 30 900 + 1
Current 10.00000 mA 10 nA < 0.15 V 60 + 30 300 + 80 500 + 80 50 + 5
100.0000 mA 100 nA < 0.03 V 100 + 300 300 + 800 500 + 800 50 + 50
1.000000 A 1 µA < 0.3 V 200 + 30 500 + 80 800 + 80 50 + 5
3.00000 A 10 µA < 1 V 1000 + 15 1200 + 40 1200 + 40 50 + 5
Continuity 2W 1 kΩ 100 mΩ 1 mA 40 + 100 100 + 100 120 + 100 8 + 1
Diode Test 3.00000 V 10 µV 1 mA 20 + 6 30 + 7 40 + 7 8 + 1
10.00000 V 10 µV 70 µA 20 + 6 30 + 7 40 + 7 8 + 1
10.00000 V 10 µV 7 µA 20 + 6 30 + 7 40 + 7 8 + 1

DC OPERATING CHARACTERISTICS2

FUNCTION DIGITS READINGS/s PLCs 8
DCV (all ranges), DCI (all ranges), and Ohms (<10M range) 6.53,4 5 10
6.53,7 30 1
6.53,5 50 1
5.53,5 270 0.1
5.55 500 0.1
 5.55  1000 0.04 
4.55 2000 0.01

DC SYSTEM SPEEDS2, 6
RANGE CHANGE3: 50/s.
FUNCTION CHANGE3: 45/s.
AUTORANGE TIME3, 10: <30 ms.
ASCII READINGS TO RS-232 (19.2K BAUD): 55/s.
MAX. INTERNAL TRIGGER RATE: 2000/s.
MAX. EXTERNAL TRIGGER RATE: 500/s.

DC GENERAL
LINEARITY OF 10VDC RANGE: ±(1ppm of reading + 2ppm of range).
DCV, Ω, TEMPERATURE, CONTINUITY, DIODE TEST INPUT PROTECTION: 1000V, all ranges.
MAXIMUM 4WΩ LEAD RESISTANCE: 10% of range per lead for 100Ω and 1kΩ ranges; 1kΩ per lead for all other ranges.
DC CURRENT INPUT PROTECTION: 3A, 250V fuse.
SHUNT RESISTOR: 0.1Ω for 3A, 1A, and 100mA ranges. 10Ω for 10mA range.
CONTINUITY THRESHOLD: Adjustable 1Ω to 1000Ω.
AUTOZERO OFF ERROR: Add ±(2ppm of range error + 5µV) for <10 minutes and ±1°C change.
OVERRANGE: 120% of range except on 1000V, 3A and Diode

SPEED AND NOISE REJECTION

RATE READINGS/S DIGITS RMS NOISE 10V RANGE NMRR12 CMRR13
10 PLC 5 6.5 < 1.5 µV 60 dB 140 dB
1 PLC 50 6.5 < 4 µV 60 dB 140 dB
0.1 PLC 500 5.5 < 22 µV 80 dB
0.01 PLC 2000 4.5 < 150 µV 80 dB

DC Notes
1 Add the following to “ppm of range” uncertainty:1V and 100V, 2ppm; 100mV, 15ppm; 100Ω, 15ppm; 1K-1MΩ, 2ppm; 10mA and 1A, 10ppm; 100mA, 40ppm.
2 Speeds are for 60Hz operation using factory default operating conditions (*RST). Autorange off, Display off, Trigger delay= 0.
3 Speeds include measurement and binary data transfer out the GPIB.
4 Auto zero off.
5 Sample count = 1024, auto zero off.
6 Auto zero off, NPLC = 0.01.
7 Ohms = 24 readings/second.
8 1 PLC = 16.67ms @ 60Hz, 20ms @ 50Hz/400Hz. The frequency is automatically determined at power up.
9 For signal levels >500V, add 0.02ppm/V uncertainty for the portion exceeding 500V.
10 Add 120ms for ohms.
11 Must have 10% matching of lead resistance in Input HI and LO.
12 For line frequency ±0.1%.
13 For 1kΩ unbalance in LO lead.
14 Relative to calibration accuracy.
15 Specifications are for 4-wire ohms. For 2-wire ohms, add 1Ω additional uncertainty.
16 For rear inputs, add the following to Temperature Coefficient “ppm of reading” uncertainty: 10MΩ 70ppm, 100MΩ 385ppm. Operating environment specified for 0° to 50°C and 50% RH at 35°C.

TRUE RMS AC VOLTAGE AND CURRENT CHARACTERISTICS

ACCURACY 1: ±(% of reading + % of range), 23°C ±5 °C

VOLTAGE RANGE RESOLUTION CALIBRATION CYCLE 3 Hz–10 Hz10 10 Hz–20 kHz 20 kHz–50 kHz 50 kHz–100 kHz 100 kHz–300 kHz
100.0000 mV 0.1 µV
1.000000 V 1.0 µV 90 Days 0.35 + 0.03 0.05 + 0.03 0.11 + 0.05 0.60 + 0.08 4 + 0.5
10.00000 V 10 µV
100.0000 V 100 µV 1 Year 0.35 + 0.03 0.06 + 0.03 0.12 + 0.05 0.60 + 0.08 4 + 0.5
750.000 V 1 mV
TEMPERATURE COEFFICIENT/°C8 0.035 + 0.003 0.005 + 0.003 0.006 + 0.005 0.01 + 0.006 0.03 + 0.01
CURRENT RANGE RESOLUTION CALIBRATION CYCLE 3 Hz–10 Hz 10 Hz–3 kHz 3 kHz–5 kHz
1.000000 A 1 µA 90 Day/1 Year 0.30 + 0.04 0.10 + 0.04 0.14 + 0.04
3.000009 A 10 µA 90 Day/1 Year 0.35 + 0.06 0.15 + 0.06 0.18 + 0.06
TEMPERATURE COEFFICIENT/°C8 0.035 + 0.006 0.015 + 0.006 0.015 + 0.006

HIGH CREST FACTOR ADDITIONAL ERROR ±(% of reading)7

CREST FACTOR: 1-2 2-3 3-4 4-5
ADDITIONAL ERROR: 0.05 0.15 0.30 0.40

AC OPERATING CHARACTERISTICS2

FUNCTION DIGITS READINGS/s RATE BANDWIDTH
ACV (all ranges), and ACI (all ranges) 6.53 2s/reading SLOW 3 Hz–300 kHz
6.53 1.4 MED 30 Hz–300 kHz
6.54 4.8 MED 30 Hz–300 kHz
6.53 2.2 FAST 300 Hz–300 kHz
6.54 35 FAST 300 Hz–300 kHz

ADDITIONAL LOW FREQUENCY ERRORS ±(% of reading)

SLOW MED FAST
20Hz – 30Hz 0 0.3
30Hz – 50Hz 0 0
50Hz – 100Hz 0 0 1.0
100Hz – 200Hz 0 0 0.18
200Hz – 300Hz 0 0 0.10
>300Hz 0 0 0

AC SYSTEM SPEEDS2, 5
FUNCTION/RANGE CHANGE6 4/s.
AUTORANGE TIME: <3s.
ASCII READINGS TO RS-232 (19.2k BAUD)4: 50/s.
MAX. INTERNAL TRIGGER RATE4: 300/s.
MAX. EXTERNAL TRIGGER RATE4: 300/s.

AC GENERAL
INPUT IMPEDANCE: 1MΩ ±2% paralleled by <100pF.
ACV INPUT PROTECTION: 1000Vp.
MAXIMUM DCV: 400V on any ACV range.
ACI INPUT PROTECTION: 3A, 250V fuse.
BURDEN VOLTAGE: 1A Range: <0.3V rms. 3A Range: <1V rms.
SHUNT RESISTOR: 0.1Ω on all ACI ranges.
AC CMRR: >70dB with 1kΩ in LO lead.
MAXIMUM CREST FACTOR: 5 at full scale.
VOLT HERTZ PRODUCT: ≤8 x 107 V·Hz.
OVERRANGE: 120% of range except on 750V and 3A ranges.

AC Notes
1 Specifications are for SLOW rate and sinewave inputs >5% of range.
2 Speeds are for 60 Hz operation using factory default operating conditions (*RST). Auto zero off, Auto range off, Display off, includes measurement and binary data transfer out the GPIB.
3 0.01% of step settling error. Trigger delay = 400ms.
4 Trigger delay = 0.
5 DETector:BANDwidth 300, NPLC = 0.01.
6 Maximum useful limit with trigger delay = 175ms.
7 Applies to non-sinewaves >5Hz and <500Hz. (Guaranteed by design for Crest Factors >4.3)
8 Applies to 0°–18°C and 28°–50°C.
9 For signal levels > 2.2A, add additional 0.4% to “of reading” uncertainty.
10 Typical uncertainties. Typical represents two sigma or 95% of manufactured units measure < 0.35% of reading and three sigma or 99.7% < 1.06% of reading.

FREQUENCY AND PERIOD CHARACTERISTICS1,2

ACV RANGE FREQUENCY RANGE PERIOD RANGE GATE TIME RESOLUTION ±(ppm of reading) ACCURACY 90 DAY/1 YEAR ±(% of reading)
100 mV to 750 V 3 Hz to 500 kHz 333 ms to 2 µs 1 s (SLOW) 0.3 0.01

Frequency Notes
1 Specifications are for square wave inputs only. Input signal must be >10% of ACV range. If input is <20mV on the 100mV range then frequency must be >10Hz.
2 20% overrange on all ranges except 750V range.

TEMPERATURE CHARACTERISTICS

THERMOCOUPLE2, 3, 4     90 DAY/1 YEAR (23°C ± 5°C) ACCURACY1
TYPE RANGE RESOLUTION Relative to Reference Junction Using5 2001-TCSCAN
J –200 to + 760°C 0.001°C ±0.5°C ±0.65°C
K –200 to + 1372°C 0.001°C ±0.5°C ±0.70°C
T –200 to + 400°C 0.001°C ±0.5°C ±0.68°C

Temperature Notes
1 For temperatures <–100°C, add ±0.1°C and >900°C add ±0.3°C.
2 Temperature can be displayed in °C, K or °F.
3 Accuracy based on ITS-90.
4 Exclusive of thermocouple error.
5 Specifications apply to channels 2-6. Add 0.06°C/channel from channel 6.

INTERNAL SCANNER SPEED4

MAXIMUM INTERNAL SCANNER RATES
RANGE: Channels/s1
TRIGGER DELAY = 0

DCV2 ACV2, 3 2-WIRE OHMS2 4-WIRE OHMS2 TEMPERATURE 2
All : 110 All : 100 All : 105 <10MΩ : 33 All : 60

TRIGGER DELAY = AUTO

DCV2 ACV2, 3 2-WIRE OHMS2 4-WIRE OHMS2 TEMPERATURE2
0.1 V : 105 All : 1.8 100 Ω : 85 100 Ω : 29 All : 60
1 V : 105 1 kΩ : 85 1 kΩ : 29
10 V : 105 10 kΩ : 42 10 kΩ : 22
100 V : 70 100 kΩ : 28 100 kΩ : 18
1000 V : 70 1 MΩ : 8 1 MΩ : 7
10 MΩ : 5 10 MΩ : 5
100 MΩ : 3 100 MΩ : 3

Internal Scanner Speed Notes
1 Speeds are for 60Hz operation using factory default operating conditions (*RST). Auto Zero off, Auto Range off, Display off, sample count = 1024.
2 NPLC = 0.01.
3 DETector:BANDwidth 300.
4 10-channel card specification. See individual card specifications for options other than 10-channel card.

TRIGGERING AND MEMORY

READING HOLD SENSITIVITY: 0.01%, 0.1%, 1%, or 10% of reading.
TRIGGER DELAY: 0 to 99 hrs (1ms step size).
EXTERNAL TRIGGER LATENCY: 200µs + <300µs jitter with autozero off, trigger delay = 0.
MEMORY: 1024 readings.

MATH FUNCTIONS

Rel, Min/Max/Average/StdDev (of stored reading), dB, dBm, Limit Test, %, and mX+b with user defined units displayed.
dBm REFERENCE RESISTANCES: 1 to 9999Ω in 1Ω increments.

STANDARD PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES

SCPI (Standard Commands for Programmable Instruments)
Keithley 196/199
Fluke 8840A. Fluke 8842A

REMOTE INTERFACE

GPIB (IEEE-488.1, IEEE-488.2) and RS-232C.

GENERAL

POWER SUPPLY: 100V / 120V / 220V / 240V.

LINE FREQUENCY: 50Hz to 60Hz and 400Hz, automatically sensed at power-up.

POWER CONSUMPTION: 22 VA.

OPERATING ENVIRONMENT: Specified for 0°C to 50°C. Specified to 80% R.H. at 35°C. Altitude up to 2000 meters.

STORAGE ENVIRONMENT: –40°C to 70°C.

WARRANTY: 1 year.

EMC: Conforms to European Union EMC Directive.

SAFETY: Conforms to European Union Low Voltage Directive.

VIBRATION: MIL-PRF-28800F Class 3 Random.

WARMUP: 1 hour to rated accuracy.

DIMENSIONS:

  • Rack Mounting: 89mm high x 213mm wide x 370mm deep (3.5 in. x 8.38 in. x 14.56 in.).
  • Bench Configuration (with handle and feet): 104mm high x 238mm wide x 370mm deep (4.13 in. x 9.38 in. x 14.56 in.).

NET WEIGHT: 2.9kg (6.3 lb).

SHIPPING WEIGHT: 5kg (11 lb).

VOLT HERTZ PRODUCT: ≤8 x 107V·Hz.