Electronic Warfare and Countermeasures
Countermeasures, Threat Analysis
and Environment Generation
What is Electronic Warfare?
Electronic warfare (EW) involves denying an enemy the use of the electromagnetic spectrum (EMS) or gathering intelligence of an enemy’s intended actions or capabilities through analysis of transmitted electromagnetic (EM) signals.
Electronic Warfare uses electromagnetic spectrum for offense, attack and mission support. From air, land and sea, it can target forces, communication, radar and other assets (military and civilian).
Threat and Electronic Countermeasure (ECM) analysis
Tektronix is a leader in delivering integrated measurement tools that help military and government personnel accurately recreate the physical and electromagnetic environment exposed during field operations and electronic warfare. Real Time Spectrum Analyzer (RTSA) technology can be used to capture, visualize and trigger on threats and electronic countermeasure responses.
Tektronix Real Time Spectrum Analyzer systems are used to quickly discover and characterize:
- True RF signature of a signal of interest (SOI) in spectrum, frequency/amplitude/phase versus time domain
- Analyze the physical characteristics of signals of interest even if they are hidden within or are under other signals
- Validate threats and countermeasure response during operation testing
Accurately Simulate Environments While Measuring ECM Techniques
At Tektronix, we are the leader in delivering integrated measurement tools that help military and government personnel accurately recreate the physical and electromagnetic environment exposed during field operations and electronic warfare.
Today, the dynamic congestion contained within the Electromagnetic Spectrum from other emitters, jammers, and interferes demands higher fidelity instruments to accurately simulate the environments represented in the field to ensure electronic protection systems are fully tested out, so our military forces can detect realistic threats and stay out of harm’s way.
Techniques for Validating Electronic Countermeasures
This webinar examines approaches for ECM performance validation. A few examples of what you will learn: discover the true RF Signature of Threat stimuli and verify ECM Techniques using real-time spectrum analysis, and how to verify coordinated techniques in both the time domain and frequency domain simultaneously.
The full-motion DPX spectrum's Live RF display shows signals never seen before, giving users instant insight and greatly accelerating discovery and diagnosis. Learn more about DPX with this primer.
While radar technology was initially focused on military and commercial aviation applications, today there are many commercial applications. This application note covers the basics of modern radar applications from military to commercial use in automotive design. This application note also dives deeper into pulsed radar measurements, as well as the lifecycle of radar measurement tasks.
Analyzing Radar Signals Primer
The transient nature of radar pulses combined with modern pulse compression schemes often demand carefully designed test setups. This Primer will cover measurements methods, choosing your measurement parameters, how to find the pulse, estimating the carrier frequency and phase, timing measurements, frequency and phase measurements and chirp measurements.
Creating Signals That Look Real to Radar
What's the best solution to help you create complex radar test signals at the highest frequencies? Our new application note, “Radar Signal Generation with a High-Performance AWG,” answers that question and explains much more.
Military / Government Brochure
Integrated Tektronix measurement tools for signal capture, characterization, simulation and analysis help you deliver on your promises. Learn more about our military/government solutions.
Advanced Radar Analysis: Tools for Measuring Modern Radar Application Note
With today’s rapid advances in radar technology, developing and manufacturing highly specialized and innovative electronic products to detect radar signals takes leading-edge technology and tools.
Overcoming RF Signal Generation Challenges with New DAC Technologies White Paper
Using an AWG for direct RF complex signal generation.1
Accurately replicate physical and electromagnetic environmental effects
Performance in the lab is never as true as performing in the field. That’s why, in verifying key performance parameters during system development testing and technique development in the lab or chamber, requires introducing atmospheric and electromagnetic effects to the waveform scenario generation. Tektronix has high fidelity arbitrary waveform generators coupled with powerful software enabling multipath generation, high pulse dense environments and attenuation control for rain, fog and other electromagnetic effects.
Tek has durable instruments that replicate the following with precision:
- Physical positional effects
- Physical atmospheric effects (rain, fog, dust storms)
- Electromagnetic effects (clutter, multipath)
Multidomain visibility for validating ECM techniques real-time
Development test events and chamber time can be costly. Capturing data right the first time is essential. Real-time situational awareness allows for validation of countermeasure techniques without any interruption to the test event, verifying technique transitions in both time and frequency domains requires high resolution captures.
All if this can be done with precision tools enabled by RSA Spectrum Analyzers. With Tek’s form factors RSAs, you can also:
- Recreate lifelike radio signals as precisely as possible
- Build complex signal environments
Simulating signal impairments to stress test your system and add environmental stresses can be hard to replicate, account for, or calibrate. SourceXpress makes creation of complex modulation schemes easy, giving visibilty of your Tx module and system performance.
The RSA7100B is a high performance spectrum analyzer focused on wideband analysis and signal recording with real-time spectrum analysis up to 800 MHz bandwidth and streaming storage of up to 2 hours for seamless data viewing at full bandwidth in one solution. Its’ 16 kHz to 26.5 GHz frequency range covers a broad range of analysis needs for critical wide-bandwidth applications.
With 70 GHz of oscilloscopic muscle, Tektronix provides the industry’s lowest-noise real time acquisition, and patented Asynchronous Time Interleaving (ATI) technology. With a tidy, compact form factor – worthy of the discrete nature of your work – we offer flexible system configurations and essential scalability to complex systems.
Innovative test equipment reduces testing uncertainty during the design process and delivers confidence in the integrity of increasingly complex designs. The industry-leading AWG70000 Series arbitrary waveform generator represents the cutting edge in sample rate, signal fidelity, and waveform memory.
The RSA5000 Series mid-range spectrum analyzer combines the best-in-class RF performance with up to 165 MHz bandwidth and 6th Generation DPX® Technology. This provides the measurement confidence and functionality you demand for everyday tasks and gives you the dynamic range you expect for challenging spectrum analysis measurements.
Fast and light, this is the all-in-one field tool for spectrum analysis. Ideal for interference hunting and network management applications, this RSA’s rugged, road ready exterior packs tremendous performance at an unbelievable price.
AWG5200 Arbitrary Waveform Generator
The AWG5200 delivers unparalleled signal fidelity coupled with class-leading sample rate and memory depth, giving you the industry's best signal stimulus solution for complex RF baseband signal generation and precision experimental applications. With up to 10 GS/s sample rate and 16-bit vertical resolution, get easy generation of complex signals as well as accurate playback of existing captured signals.
Arbitrary Waveform Generators
With the highest speed AWG's available, you can generate unique signals for your application. Through RFXpress® and our RF environment simulator package we give you the tools that you need to quickly develop and test the complex RF environment that you need to validate your design.
Real-Time Spectrum Analyzers
Validate your transmitter design with speed and confidence with the unique features of the RSA series Real-Time Spectrum Analyzers, including DPXTM live RF display and the advanced pulse measurement suite.
Using our SignalVu Vector Analysis software and our suite of oscilloscopes, you can analyze signals up to 33GHz wide with the same tools used on our Real-Time Spectrum Analyzers.
Worldwide Spectrum Allocations Poster
Tektronix offers a poster with selected points of interest based on popular applications and common worldwide wireless technologies. Spectrum analysis techniques are highlighted and allocated …
Emission Control, Radiation Hazards, and the Value of Intelligent RF Sensing for These Applications
New technology advancements with increased RF emitting technology capabilities requires a higher level of RF situational awareness. For added security of personnel and to increase the odds of …
Generating Radar Waveforms with an Arbitrary Waveform Generator
Many radar systems use very wide bandwidths and complex modulation which cannot be simulated by modulated analog RF signal generators. Numerous tests on radar systems require precise timing in the low …
Detecting Drones Using a Real-Time Spectrum Analyzer
No one denies, flying a drone can be fun. For RC and photography enthusiasts, a drone is a source of entertainment, and with a camera attached, a provider of breathtaking …