MIPI® M-PHY Transmitter Test Solutions

M-PHY TX Automated and M-PHY Essentials

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M-PHY TX Essentials

The Tektronix M-PHY TX Essentials Test software runs on Tektronix real-time oscilloscopes that are based on Windows 7 computer operating systems. M-PHY TX Essentials provides support for all the base measurements for Spec 3.1 & CTS 3.1 within DPOJET framework, a state of the art tool designed for jitter analysis and core measurements. This solution is designed for engineers doing characterization and margin testing of the device. The solution is supplemented with MOI which provides guidance to users to setup the test and scope to accomplish specific measurements.

M-PHY TX Automated

The Tektronix M-PHY TX Automated Test software runs on Tektronix real-time oscilloscopes that are based on Windows 7 computer operating systems. M-PHY TX Automated provides support for 100% of tests as per Spec 3.1 & CTS 3.1 using TekExpress 4.0 framework, a state of the art tool designed for automation. The backend engine of automation is Iron Python based which uses socket based programming. This solution is designed for engineers doing verification and validation as per the CTS.

Key Features for M-PHY Transmitter testing
  • 100% Test Coverage for all modes, gears, and data rates for HS, PWM, and SYS mode with M-PHY Essentials and M-PHY TX (Automated)
  • Option M-PHY Essentials enables full customization and comprehensive characterization, debug and analysis using setup libraries and MOI in DPOJET; the state of the art jitter analysis and debugging tool

  • Automation support and scripting interface with Iron Python which supports socket based programming and .NET remoting interface
  • M-PHY TX Automated User-defined mode allows modifying every parameter of different HS, PWM, and SYS tests, for comprehensive debug analysis and characterization
  • Automated testing reduces the complexity of executing transmitter tests and enables you to test devices faster
  • Selection of different Gears and Subgears of HS, PWM, and SYS signals, large/small amplitudes, impedance terminated/un-terminated
  • Full Contour Extrapolated eye diagram for BER analysis in steps at E-6 to E-10 

  • Ability to extrapolate further to E-12 and beyond for margin testing
  • HS Gear 1 Mask Dynamic Movement to provide optimum eye opening as per Spec 3.1 
  • Accumulation of 3 M UIs in a single acquisition reducing test times for analysis
  • Ability to embed/de-embed using filter files to enable mid bus probing
  • Support for tri mode probes for single ended and differential signaling probing using Industry lowest noise probe P76xx series
  • Manual mode testing for multi lanes
  • Highly optimized setup performs Power Spectral Density (PSD) tests using oscilloscope-integrated algorithms uniquely, and does not require an external spectral analyzer or extra hardware to perform PSD measurements
  • Single printable report for all tests across different combinations, provides pass/fail summary table, along with margin details, optional waveform captures, and eye diagrams. Available in (.mht and pdf)

The Physical layer is implemented for various high-speed serial interfaces (chip to chip communication) inside mobile devices. The common interfaces which utilize the M-PHY solution are:

  • RFIC & modem interfaces in mobile devices
  • Companion chip interface with application processor over Unipro/SSIC

  • Storage over UniPro/UFS


M-PHY transmitter testing with M-PHY TX

Single-button automated M-PHY transmitter testing

Once the test bench is set up and the DUT is properly connected, simply press the Run button to perform the selected test suite.


Single-button Automated M-PHY Transmitter testing

Automated transmitter testing saves time and resources

You do not need to be an expert on testing procedures. Remembering the exact steps to take each measurement is time consuming and often requires going back to the M-PHY specifications. M-PHY TX takes the guesswork out of conducting M-PHY Transmitter testing.

Even if you remember how to use the test equipment, it is common for even the most experienced operators to forget steps in the procedure or to set up the correct parameters, such as applying the correct signal impairments for a given test. M-PHY TX allows engineers to simply select the desired tests to run, and then work on other tasks while the tests are being executed.

Simple setup, test execution, and reporting

Test setup and test execution is very simple with the M-PHY TX Automated software. The test setup connections are very minimal, as it involves only one-piece of equipment for M-PHY TX. The TekExpress software provides a Graphical User Interface (GUI) and an intuitive workflow through setup and testing.

Setting up the bench

When setting up a test, nothing can be simpler than hooking up the test system by looking at a schematic. View the schematic of the selected test with a click of a button.

Pass/fail report

The M-PHY TX Report tab provides a single printable report of all the tests along with a Pass/Fail summary table, margins, and optionally waveform screen captures, eye diagrams, histograms, bathtub charts, etc.


Test Report



M-PHY transmitter testing with M-PHY Essentials

DPOJET software with Option M-PHY provides the essential set of M-PHY Transmitter measurements with greater flexibility in the test setup. Like D-PHY Essentials on DPOJET, M-PHY Essentials also enables Characterization, Debug, Analysis, and Conformance testing of M-PHY designs.




M-PHY Transmitter testing with M-PHY TX using Single-ended/Differential probes

100% M-PHY High Speed transmitter test coverage

M-PHY Essentials supports complete measurements to be performed in High Speed mode. It includes unique measurements such as Power Spectral Density on the real-time oscilloscope itself, which is a patent-pending methodology supported by Tektronix. Other solutions in the market require additional hardware to perform this test.

M-PHY Essentials slew rate measurement can be extended to slew rate resolution measurement.

Transmitter Eye Diagram measurement

M-PHY HS G1 requires an auto adjust of the mask shape based on eye opening. The following image shows how the eye mask adjusts itself based on the eye opening.


Transmitter Eye diagram measurement for HS G1 with Mask Hits


The mask automatically adjusts itself and reshapes based on the available eye opening and passes the eye diagram test.


Transmitter Eye diagram measurement for HS G1 Auto shape to adjust mask hits and optimal eye opening


For M-PHY HS G3, the mask is defined like a diamond shape as shown below. For M-PHY Eye diagram prorated parameter values for a BER of 1E-6.


Transmitter Eye diagram measurement for HS G3 with BER contour

For HS G3B the eye diagram shows the accumulated eye at BER E-6 and extrapolated eye at various values in contour format. The extrapolated eye is at BER of 1E-10. Tektronix provides the unique ability for extrapolation using contours. This provides the designers the level of confidence of their design, a good perspective on margin for their designs and allows them to accomplish this task in less time without having to accumulate the eye at BER-10.


Transmitter Eye diagram measurement for HS G3B


Embed/De-embedding for Mid-bus probing

For M-PHY TX testing, measurements are specified at the TX pins. Many a times, the users measure signals at the end of the channel to view the effect at the RX pins or some test point in the middle of the channel (Mid-bus probing). For conformance testing, to ensure that the values meet the CTS, there would have a need to embed and/or de-embed channel to make measurements at the pin.

TekExpress Automated software allows you to do mid-bus probing via embedding/de-embedding signal path using filter files. You can use the 'Filter Setup' option in DUT panel to add the filters. This setting will be applied globally to all the measurements during acquisition.


Filter Selection


Probing needs for M-PHY

The requirements for measurement equipment used to test conformance of an M-PHY transmitter running in High Speed mode is summarized below.

Summary of oscilloscope and probe requirements for M-PHY transmitter measurements
Return LossPer specification limits
Differential termination100Ω across input
Common mode terminationInfinite or consistent value
Rise Time3X fastest signal rise time
Sensitivity200-300 mVFS capability
NoiseMinimal added noise, (<1 or 2 mVrms desirable)
AttenuationSmallest attenuation possible (1X desirable)


The MIPI M-PHY standard presents significant challenges for oscilloscopes and probing. These challenges result in stringent requirements for HS-MODE measurements. SMA style probes with 50Ω inputs have been shown to yield superior results compared to high impedance probe approaches, particularly for HS-GEAR3 speeds. M-PHY CTS has been updated to list support for “SMA probe” type probing solutions. Tektronix SMA probes like the P7633 are unique in that and they can meet the requirements of M-PHY testing and introduce lower noise than the other oscilloscope probes.


Tektronix P7633 SMA probe


For more details on probe specifications, refer to the probes datasheet:


Required equipment for MIPI® transmitter testing

For a complete list of required equipment, visit /MIPI.



M-PHY TX characteristics
M-PHY Base Specification Revision 3.1 and Conformance Test Specification 3.1 
Probing configuration
Both Differential and Single-ended Acquisition supported
.MHT format and PDF format, with pass/fail tables and waveform screenshots
Data rates
All HS, PWM, and SYS
HS (High Speed) measurements

1.1.1 – HS-TX Unit Interval and Frequency Offset (UIHS and fOFFSET-TX)

1.1.2 – HS-TX Common-Mode AC Power Spectral Magnitude Limit (PSDCM-TX) (Informative only)


1.1.4 – HS-TX Common-Mode DC Output Voltage Amplitude (VCM-TX)

1.1.5 – HS-TX Differential DC Output Voltage Amplitude (VDIF-DC-TX)

1.1.6 – HS-TX G1 and G2 Differential AC Eye (TEYE-TX, VDIF-AC-TX)

1.1.7 – HS-TX G3 Differential AC Eye (TEYE-HS-G3-TX, VDIF-AC-HS-G3-TX)

1.1.8 – HS-TX 20/80% Rise and Fall Times (TR-HS-TX and TF-HS-TX)

1.1.9 – HS-TX Lane-to-Lane Skew (TL2L-SKEW-HS-TX)

1.1.10 – HS-TX Slew Rate Control Range (SRDIF-TX[MAX/MIN])

1.1.11 – HS-TX Slew Rate State Monotonicity

1.1.12 – HS-TX Slew Rate State Resolution (ΔSRDIF-TX)

1.1.13 – HS-TX Intra-Lane Output Skew (TINTRA-SKEW-TX)

1.1.14 – HS-TX Transmitter Pulse Width (TPULSE-TX)

1.1.15 – HS-TX Total Jitter (TJTX)

1.1.16 – HS-TX Short-Term Total Jitter (STTJTX)

1.1.17 – HS-TX Deterministic Jitter (DJTX)

1.1.18 – HS-TX Short-Term Deterministic Jitter (STDJTX)

BER Contour for extrapolated eye capability available for Test 1.1.6 and Test 1.1.7 with Scope Option DJAN

PWM (Pulse Width Modulation) measurements

1.2.1 – PWM-TX Transmit Bit Duration (TPWM-TX)

1.2.2 – PWM-TX Transmit Ratio (kPWM-TX)


1.2.4 – PWM-TX Common Mode DC Output Voltage Amplitude (VCM-TX)

1.2.5 – PWM-TX Differential DC Output Voltage Amplitude (VDIF-DC-TX)

1.2.7 - PWM-TX Maximum Differential AC Output Voltage Amplitude (VDIF-AC-TX)

1.2.8 – PWM-TX 20/80% Rise and Fall Times (TR-PWM-TX and TF-PWM-TX)

1.2.9 – PWM-TX Lane-to-Lane Skew (TL2L-SKEW-PWM-TX)

1.2.10 – PWM-TX G1 Transmit Bit Duration Tolerance (TOLPWM-G1-TX)

1.2.11 – PWM-TX G0 Minor Duration (TPWM-MINOR-GO-TX)

SYS measurements
SYS (System clock) measurements

1.3.1 – SYS-TX Unit Interval and Frequency Offset (UISYS and fOFFSET-TX)

1.3.2 – SYS-TX RefClk Frequency (UIREFCLK and fREFCLK-TX)


1.3.4 – SYS-TX Common Mode DC Output Voltage Amplitude (VCM-TX)

1.3.5 – SYS-TX-Differential DC Output Voltage Amplitude test (VDIF-DC-TX)

1.3.7 – SYS-TX Maximum Differential AC Output Voltage Amplitude (VDIF-AC-TX)

1.3.8 – SYS-TX 20/80% Rise and Fall Times (TR-SYS-TX and TF-SYS-TX)

1.3.9 – SYS-TX Lane-to-Lane Skew (TL2L-SKEW-SYS-TX)

Ordering information

M-PHY TX Automated and M-PHY Essentials
DPO/DSA/MSO70000C/DXDPO (Digital Phosphor Oscilloscope), DSA (Digital Serial Analyzer), or MSO (Mixed Signal Oscilloscope) Oscilloscopes with Option DJA and Option DJAN (for BER Contours). Option DJA is mandatory. Option DJAN is optional but required for BER Contours.
The following bandwidths are needed:
  • 6 GHz and above is recommended for HS-Gear1
  • 12.5 GHz and above is recommended for up to HS-Gear2
  • 23 GHz and above is recommended for up to HS-Gear3
DPO/DSA/MSO70000C/DX Option M-PHY TX 1
M-PHY Automated Transmitter Solution
DPOFL-M-PHY TXM-PHY Automated Transmitter Solution (Floating License version)
MIPI® M-PHY Essentials
DPOFL-M-PHYMIPI® M-PHY Essentials (Floating License version)

1 Requires DPOJET Jitter and Eye Analysis Tools (Option DJA is mandatory and Option DJAN is optional but required for BER Contours).

M-PHY Decodes
ModelM-PHY Decodes
PGY-UPRO 1M-PHY UniPro Protocol Decode (3rd-party software)
PGY-LLI 1M-PHY LLI Protocol Decode (3rd-party software)
PGY-DGRF 1M-PHY DigRFv4 CommView Protocol Decode (3rd-party software)
DPO-UP Option SR-810B8b/10b Serial Analysis
PGY-SSIC 1M-PHY SSIC Decode (3rd-party software)

For more details on the Protocol Decoders, refer to the Protocol Decode Datasheet at http://www.tek.com/MIPI.

1 Requires Option ST6G Serial Protocol Triggering.

Recommended probes for M-PHY TX
Gear typeData rateFixtured / RF connection
HS-Gear1 11.46 Gb/sP7313SMA or P7625 or P7633
HS-Gear22.92 Gb/sP7313SMA or P7625 or P7633
HS-Gear35.83 Gb/sP7625 or P7633
PWM Gears (G0 to G7) 210 Kbps to 576 MbpsP7313
SYS Gears26 MHz
38.4 M Hz
52 M Hz

PGY-UPRO and PGY-LLI require differential probing. For the DPO70000 Series, P7600 and P7300 Series probes are well suited.

Note: In Differential mode acquisition of M-PHY TX automated software (i.e. when using only one differential probe per lane), Single-ended measurements cannot be performed. However, while using Differential mode for acquisitions users can connect up to 4 lanes of a M-PHY transmitter DUT to 4 channels on an oscilloscope.

1 RT (Resistively Terminated).

2 NT (Not Terminated).

Prerequisite Host System Software Requirements for M-PHY TX
Operating system

Windows 7 64 bit


Microsoft Internet Explorer 7.0 SP1 or later

Adobe Reader 7.0 or equivalent software for viewing Portable Document Format (PDF) files


Last Modified: 2015-10-19 05:00:00

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