Spectrum Analyzer

H600 / SA2600 Series

The products on this datasheet are no longer being sold by Tektronix.

Features & Benefits

Scan
  • Revolutionary DPX™ Live RF spectrum display technology with DPX Spectrum Mask provides intuitive understanding of live RF signals using colors based on frequency of occurrence, processing up to 10,000 spectrums/sec with a 100% Probability of Intercept (POI) to capture pulsed signals, radar emissions, hopping signals, and any other intermittent signals with a minimum duration as brief as 125 µs
  • Benchtop spectrum analyzer performance in a ruggedized handheld battery-operated field unit offers better than 70 dB spurious free dynamic range (SFDR), guaranteed ≤ -95 dBc/Hz at 10 kHz offset phase noise specifications from 10 kHz to 6.2 GHz
  • Excellent sensitivity for detecting very low-level signals with -153 dBm DANL at 10 Hz RBW (equivalent to -163 dBm/Hz) such as RF bugs and unauthorized transmitters
  • Spectrum Correlation Function (SCF) finds "embedded" signals or interferers that hide under other wideband signals
  • LAN interface for remote control and unattended monitoring stations for spectrum awareness
Classify
  • Spectral Correlation Function (SCF) measurement provides fast signal-identification capability
  • Built-in classification capability for WLAN, GSM, W-CDMA, CDMA, ATSC signals makes quick and simple identification of legitimate signals
  • Flexibility to edit, upgrade, and share signal databases and signal classification database using CSV file formats
  • Ability to export I/Q data into CSV, MATLAB®, and IQT format for additional post-analysis
Locate
  • Rapid targeting of signals with field-proven signal hunting, mapping, and documentation tools
  • Hunt outdoor signals with built-in GPS receiver by plotting measurements directly into GPS geo-referenced maps such as Pitney Bowes Mapinfo, Google™ Earth, Microsoft® MapPoint®, Bitmap, and many others
  • Improved spectrum awareness with high-accuracy measurement synchronization and time stamping
  • Hunt in-building signals with a single-touch Tap-and-Walk-and-Tap interface
  • Backlit display, viewable in direct sunlight, and extended battery performance with hot-swappable dual batteries
  • Rugged design per MIL-PRF-28800F

Applications

  • Spectrum Management
  • Spectrum Monitoring and Surveillance
  • Interference Detection and Troubleshooting
  • Signal Hunting
  • Signal Identification
  • Signals Intelligence (SIGINT)
  • Homeland Security

 

The H600 and SA2600, including any of their associated technology, are subject to the U.S. International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR). Please check the U.S. Government's ITAR guidance before any export, re-export, resale, or other transfer: http://www.pmddtc.state.gov/.

Interference Troubleshootinghas Never Been so Easy

The H600 and SA2600 Series will quickly scan the RF environment, classify the known signals, and help you locate the unknown signals with their field-proven signal hunting tools. Featuring real-time DPX™ Live RF spectrum display technology, the H600 and SA2600 Series offer practical solutions for discovering transient events that slip past conventional spectrum analyzers. With field-ready, rugged hardware featuring outstanding displayed average noise level (DANL), spurious free dynamic range (SFDR), phase noise, and easy LAN networking capability in a handheld unit, the H600 and SA2600 Series are a great choice for general-purpose spectrum measurements and ideal signal-hunting tools.

Evolving digital RF communication standards pose an unprecedented challenge to the surveillance and security community. Identification of unknown signals and determining their precise location has traditionally been accomplished using a combination of lab-grade spectrum analyzers, handheld spectrum analyzers, oscilloscopes, and offline analysis capabilities using PCs. When lab equipment is used in the field, several limitations appear. Such instruments are not meant for field use, can be easily damaged, are not portable, and require AC power. Signal classification using these systems often requires a lot of prior knowledge about these signals, particularly when they are digital. With such systems the unknown signals can be difficult or impossible to identify.

Scan

By scanning the RF spectrum users can spot which signal emitters are in the area. Signals with significant power are usually candidates for further analysis, as are signals that are present infrequently. By color-coding events based on the rate of occurrence, the DPX™ Live RF spectrum display provides unparalleled insight into the behavior of signals. Performing 10,000 spectrum updates per second, transients as brief as 125 μs can be “frozen” in the frequency domain. This offers tremendous improvement over swept analysis techniques.


DPX Spectrum Mask captures and logs spectrum violations with options of warning alarm, pausing test, export screen, and result save

Signals that are present in the spectrum today but were not there yesterday are of particular interest. Reference signals can be stored and deviations from this reference can be quickly identified using the trace math feature. The H600 and SA2600 Series make analysis easier by quickly logging signals that are weak, bursting, hopping, time multiplexed, or intentionally random. It takes advantage of the FFT-based spectrum analysis capability to allow users to see the true shape of the signal, even when it is bursting. Masks can be automatically created from traces captured earlier. You can compare this mask to the current trace and if a mask violation occurs, the trace is logged. Finally, when the spectrogram is paused, you can scroll through the spectrogram’s time axis and view the results.

Classify

Classify low SNR signals reliably


Color-coded signal classification database can be saved, recalled, imported, exported, and shared to keep track of spectrum activities at different locations

Once signals of interest are found, it becomes necessary to identify and classify each of them. Are they authorized, legal signals, or are they illegitimate, malicious signals? Digital signal classification can be a particularly difficult part of the signal hunter’s job requiring extensive knowledge of signal characteristics. The signal may be weak, subject to fading or intermittent conditions. In addition antenna position may be suboptimal. All of this makes classification of signals more challenging when using traditional signal identification tools. The H600 Series and SA2600 Series with Option SC1 provide advanced algorithms that are capable of classifying signals that cannot be analyzed with other methods.

The H600 Series and SA2600 Series with Option SC1 offer unique expert systems guidance to aid the user in classifying signals. It provides graphical tools that allow users to quickly create a spectral region of interest, enabling users to identify and sort signals efficiently. The spectral profile mask, when overlaid on top of a trace, provides signal shape guidance while frequency, bandwidth, channel number, and location are displayed allowing for quick checks. In-depth analysis is provided by a Spectral Correlation Function (SCF) measurement which will reveal hidden cyclo-stationary components. SCF provides information on how well the framing, time slot, chip rates, and other internal signal rates match the rates of a valid signal. It is faster than manual signal identification techniques, does not require prior knowledge of the signal, and is robust when working with poor signals. SCF tolerates a poor SNR, large carrier frequency offset and fading.

Locate

Once the signal has been identified as a threat, the H600 and SA2600 Series provide various field-proven signal hunting tools to locate the offending signals. For the easier-to-find signals, the signal strength meter produces tones that vary with pitch as a function of the strength of this signal. This allows the operator to look for signals while watching their surroundings, not the screen.


Locate interference with integrated mapping solution

For signals that are harder to find, such as signals influenced by multipath, fading, low signal strength, etc, the H600 and SA2600 Series provide several signal mapping tools to facilitate hunting for these signals. Analyzing mapped signals is a quick way to find signals that can be difficult to find otherwise. The mapping capability is also a way to document what you have found. Traces can be recorded on a map either manually or automatically. Built-in GPS can be used to automatically record signal position and time data as the operator moves. For indoor use, a unique tap-and-walk interface provides signal mapping capability. Color-coded icons automatically record the relevant measurements based on preset thresholds for acceptability.

Performance You Can Count On

Depend on Tektronix to provide you with performance you can count on. In addition to industry-leading service and support, this product comes backed by a three-year warranty as standard.

 

Characteristics

General Performance Characteristics

Characteristic

Description

RF Input

Operating Frequency Range

10 kHz - 6.2 GHz

Maximum Operating Input Level

+20 dBm peak envelope power

This is the maximum input level at which the instrument will meet its performance specifications.

For a signal without any amplitude variation, peak envelope power = rms.

Maximum Input Power without Damage

50 Wrms below 3.2 GHz

15 Wrms between 3.2 GHz and 6.2 GHz

IF Output

Output Impedance

50 ohms

IF Center Frequency

140 MHz

IF 3 dB Bandwidth

24 MHz

IF Output Level (nominal performance at 0 dBm input)

   

Input Frequency

IF Output Level

   

1 GHz

-12 dBm

   

1.6 GHz

-12 dBm

   

3.6 GHz

-10 dBm

   

4.35 GHz

-11 dBm

   

5 GHz

-16 dBm

   

5.75 GHz

-22 dBm

Internal Timebase

Frequency Error (factory calibration corrected)

±0.5 PPM from 0 °C to 50 °C

±1.0 PPM aging/year

Twenty-minute warm-up period required to meet accuracy specification

Frequency Error (GPS corrected)

±0.01 ppm (typical)

Frequency Error (after GPS Lock Loss)

±0.03 ppm, 10 minute interval after Lock Loss (unit operated for >20 minutes before Lock Loss and < 5 °C temperature change over interval) (typical)

External Reference Input

Impedance

1500 ohm

Frequency Range

1 MHz up to 20 MHz ± 1 PPM in 1 MHz steps

Input Level Range

-15 dBm to +15 dBm, 1 MHz to 15 MHz

-10 dBm to +15 dBm, 16 MHz to 20 MHz

dBm levels assume 50 ohm source

Integrated GPS receiver

Position Accuracy (typical)

Horizontal: R < 9 meters (P = 90%)

Altitude: H < 18 meters (P = 90%)

Position Update Rate (nominal)

1 update/sec (Latitude/Longitude/Altitude)

Spectrum Analyzer Characteristics

Characteristic

Description

Frequency

Span

10 kHz to 6.2 GHz preamp off

10 MHz to 6.2 GHz preamp on

Center Frequency Setting Resolution

1 Hz

Resolution Bandwidth (RBW)

RBW Range

10 Hz to 3 MHz (Manual)

10 Hz to 1 MHz (Auto)

RBW Setting Resolution

1 Hz

Spectral Purity

Displayed Average Noise Level, Preamp On

-153 dBm, 10 MHz to 2 GHz, 10 Hz RBW

-152 dBm, 2 GHz to 4 GHz, 10 Hz RBW

-151 dBm, 4 to 5 GHz, 10 Hz RBW

-145 dBm, 5 to 6.2 GHz, 10 Hz RBW

Phase Noise (entire operating frequency range)

≤ -95 dBc/Hz at 10 kHz offset

≤ -95 dBc/Hz at 20 kHz offset

≤ -95 dBc/Hz at 30 kHz offset

≤ -97 dBc/Hz at 100 kHz offset

≤ -110 dBc/Hz at 1 MHz offset

Residual Spurious, Preamp Off

≤ -90 dBm, 0 dBm attenuator setting

Exception Frequencies:

   9 MHz to 19 MHz center frequency

   3464 MHz center frequency

   4592 MHz center frequency

   5374 MHz to 5378 MHz center frequency

   6160 MHz center frequency

Residual Spurious, Preamp On

≤ -105 dBm, 0 dBm attenuator setting

Exception Frequencies:

   9 MHz to 19 MHz center frequency

   5374 MHz to 5378 MHz center frequency

Third Order IMD

≤ -70 dBc for two tones at or below the reference level, preamp off, all gain settings Auto-coupled

Second Harmonic

≤ -60 dBc for a single tone at or below the reference level, preamp off, all gain settings Auto-coupled

Input-related Spurious

≤ -70 dBc except for Fin= 2.282 GHz ± 20 MHz

The dBc reference for this specification is the total power of all signals at the input of the instrument regardless of the current span

Input-related Spurious, exception frequencies, typical

≤ -55 dBc at Fin= 2.282 GHz ± 20 MHz

The dBc reference for this specification is the total power of all signals at the input of the instrument regardless of the current span

Third Order Intercept

≥ +7 dBm, 0 dB Input Attenuation, Preamp Off

Spectral Display Amplitude

Reference Level Range

+20 dBm to -160 dBm

Marker Power Accuracy

±1.75 dB, -50 dBm ≤ input ≤ +20 dBm, preamp off

±3.0 dB, -80 dBm ≤ input < -50 dBm, preamp on, above 10 MHz

±3.75 dB, -120 dBm ≤ input < -80 dBm, preamp on, above 10 MHz

Use peak detector for CW-like signals; use average detector for wideband (signal >> RBW)

Accuracy guaranteed for CW signals and span set to 20 MHz or less

Display

Display Modes

Normal – Updates display with each new result

Max Hold – Updates displayed point only if new point > old

Min Hold – Updates displayed point only if new point < old

Max/Min Hold – Displays a vertical bar between Max Hold and Min Hold

Average – Displays average of N (specified by user) acquisitions

Average is calculated as follows:

   Last N values are saved in memory; when a new result is available, the earliest result of the N stored values is discarded, the new result is added to the stored values, and a new average is calculated from the stored values If the number of results is less than N, then all of the results are averaged together

Number of Averages

1 ≤ N ≤ 200

General Purpose RF Measurements Characteristics

Characteristic

Description

General Purpose RF Channel Power Measurement

Bandwidth Range

1 kHz - 20 MHz

Accuracy

≤1.2 dB; +20 dBm to -60 dBm; 1 MHz to 3.2 GHz, preamp off, Ref Level > -35 dBm

≤2.4 dB; -40 dBm to -75 dBm; 10 MHz to 3.2 GHz, preamp on, Ref Level ≤ -35 dBm

≤1.8 dB; +20 dBm to -50 dBm; 3.2 GHz to 6.2 GHz, preamp off, Ref Level > -35 dBm

≤3 dB; -40 dBm to -75 dBm; Resolution BW < 100 kHz; -40 dBm to -55 dBm; Resolution BW ≥ 100 kHz 3.2 GHz to 6.2 GHz, preamp on, Ref Level ≤ -35 dBm

Specifications apply for default control settings (Auto RBW, Auto Level)

Occupied Bandwidth Measurement

Percent Power Inclusion Range

50-100%

RF Field Strength

Channel Bandwidth Range

Same as Channel Power

Accuracy

Same as Channel Power

Scan, Classify, Locate Characteristics

Feature

Description

DPX™ Live RF Spectrum Display

Spectrum Processing Rate, nominal

10,000 spectrums per second, span independent (H600 and SA2600 with Option EP1)

2,500 spectrums per second (SA2600 standard)

Minimum Signal Duration for 100% Probability of Intercept (POI), typical

125 µs (H600 and SA2600 with Option EP1)

500 µs (SA2600 standard)

Span Range

5 kHz to 20 MHz

Trigger

Modes

Single or Continuous, Free Run or Triggered

Event Source

IF Level, External Input, or Internal Timebase

Types

Rising Edge, Falling Edge, Level Above Threshold, Level Below Threshold

Delay

0 to 60 s with 1 μs resolution

Position

Settable from 0-100%

IF Level Trigger

Threshold Range

-160 dBm to +20 dBm

Bandwidth Range

5 kHz to 20 MHz

External Trigger

Maximum Input Level without Damage

±5 Vpeak continuous

Minimum High Threshold

2.0 V

Maximum Low Threshold

0.8 V

Minimum High/Low Time

10 ns

Impedance

10 kΩ

Coupling

DC

Internal Timebase Trigger

Mode

Single trigger on time, Repeat trigger at interval or both

Resolution

1 μs

Measurement Result Time Stamps

Resolution (nominal)

1 ms before GPS lock obtained; 1 ns after GPS lock obtained.

Accuracy - Relative (typical)

±500 ns time-stamp error between multiple measurement results. Internal GPS reference lock required.

Accuracy - GPS Reference (typical)

±1 μs, all measurements except DPX Spectrum; ±1 ms DPX Spectrum. Time-stamp error relative to GPS system absolute time reference. Internal GPS reference lock required, identical acquisition bandwidth setting required.

IQ Acquisition Time (available in Amplitude vs. Time)

   

Span

Sample Rate

Max Acquisition Length

   

20 MHz

28 Msps

36 ms

   

10 MHz

14 Msps

73 ms

   

5 MHz

7 Msps

146 ms

   

2 MHz

2.8 Msps

365 ms

   

1 MHz

1.4 Msps

731 ms

   

500 kHz

700 ksps

1.4 sec

   

200 kHz

280 ksps

3.6 sec

   

100 kHz

140 ksps

7.3 sec

   

50 kHz

72.9 ksps

14 sec

   

20 kHz

27.3 ksps

37 sec

   

10 kHz

13.7 ksps

74 sec

   

5 kHz

6.8 ksps

149 sec

AM Demodulation

Measurement Frequency

As previously selected

Minimum Input Signal Level, typical

-100 dBm

Audio Measurement Bandwidth

8 kHz

FM Demodulation

Measurement Frequency

As previously selected

Minimum Input Signal Level, typical

-100 dBm

Maximum Signal Deviation

Up to 100 kHz

Audio Measurement Bandwidth

8 kHz, 15 kHz, 75 kHz, or 200 kHz

Maximum Audio Output Bandwidth

15 kHz

Signal Strength Indicator

Input Signal Level

-120 dBm, minimum

Measurement Frequency

As previously selected

Measurement Bandwidth

Up to 20 MHz, dependant upon span and RBW setting

Tone Type

Variable beep rate or variable frequency

Update Rate, Typical

10 per second

Mapping

Native Map Type

Graticule (.gsf)

Map Types Directly Supported

Pitney Bowes MapInfo (*.mif), Bitmap (*.bmp)

Other Map Types Accepted Using PC Application iMap Converter

Google™ Earth

Microsoft® MapPoint®

USGS DLG (*.opt)

ESRI ArcInfo Shape (*.shp)

Other raster formats (*.gif, *.jpg, *.png, *.tif)

General Characteristics

Characteristic

Description

Environmental

Temperature

Operating: 0 °C to +50 °C specified performance, -10 °C to +50 °C, typical

Nonoperating: -40 °C to +60 °C

The temperature specs above are modified with the following options installed:

   Li-Ion Batteries: Charge 0 °C to +45 °C, Storage -20 °C to +60 °C

Humidity

Operating and Nonoperating: 5% to 95% relative humidity (RH) at up to +30 °C, 5% to 45% RH above +30 °C up to +50 °C, noncondensing

Altitude

Operating: Up to 4,600 meters (15,092 feet)

Nonoperating: Up to 12,192 meters (40,000 feet)

Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) Compliance

EN61326-1:2006 and EN61326-2:2006 Product Family Standard for Electrical Equipment for Measurement, Control, and Laboratory Use – EMC Requirements.

European Union

 

   Emissions

CISPR11, Group 1, Class A

EN 61000-3-2

EN 61000-3-3

   Immunity

IEC 61000-4-2

IEC 61000-4-3

IEC 61000-4-4

IEC 61000-4-5

IEC 61000-4-6

IEC 61000-4-11

   Australia/New Zealand

EMC compliance in accordance with the ACMA

   USA

FCC, CFR Title 47, Part 15, Subpart B, Class A.

Safety Compliance

Safety Compliance

ANSI/UL610101:2004

Electrical Equipment for Measurement, Control, and Laboratory Use

CSA C22.2 No. 61010.1:2004

Electrical Equipment for Measurement, Control, and Laboratory Use

EN 610101:2001

Safety Compliance Electrical Equipment for Measurement, Control, and Laboratory Use

IEC610101:2001

Electrical Equipment for Measurement, Control, and Laboratory Use

ISA 82.02.01

Electrical Equipment for Measurement, Control, and Laboratory Use

Physical

Dimensions

Height: 25.5 cm. (10.0 in.)

Width: 33 cm. (13 in.)

Depth: 12.5 cm. (4.8 in.)

Weight

5.56 kg (12.27 lb.)

Display

Color Display

10.4 in. (diagonal), transflective LCD

Resolution: 640×480 (VGA)

Power

Battery Life

5 hours of continuous Spectrum Mode (with optional second battery). Actual life can be higher depending on usage.

Warranty and Calibration

Warranty

1 year on parts and labor

Recommended Instrument Calibration Interval

2 years

 

Select Service

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